A Better Understanding of Parental Emotional Socialization Behaviors with an Illustrative Context / Ebeveyn Duygu Sosyalleştirme Davranışlarının Açıklayıcı Bir Bağlam İçinde Daha iyi Anlaşılması

Şükran KILIÇ
1.947 949

Öz


Bu çalışmanın amacı, ebeveyn duygu sosyalleşme davranışları ve süreçlerine çocukların duygusal yeterlikleri kapsamında sayısı giderek artan önemli çalışmaları sentez haline getirerek konuya açıklayıcı bir çerçeve sağlamaktır. Bu açıklayıcı bakış açısı aynı zamanda diğer ebeveyn nitelikleri ile birlikte oluşturulmaya çalışılmıştır. Ebeveyn duygu sosyalleştirme davranışlarının açıklanması, ilk olarak ebeveyn ve çocuk arasındaki ilişkiyi ve çocuğun gelişimsel çıktılarını etkileyen temel kavramlardan biri olan ebeveynlik stilleri üzerine kurulmuştur. Diğer yandan, ebeveyn duygu sosyalleştirme davranışlarının ebeveynlik stillerinden daha çok duygu ile ilişkili davranışlara atıfta bulunduğu gerçeğinden hareket edildiğinde, ebeveyn duygu sosyalleştirme davranışlarının daha ayrıntılı bir açıklamayı gerektirdiği açıktır. Bu çerçevede duygu sosyalleştirme süreçleri alan yazınında yer alan model olma, rehberlik etme, çocuğun duygusuna tepki verme/durumsallık ve üstduygu felsefesi hipotezlerine göre açıklanmıştır. Bu çalışmada aynı zamanda ebeveyn sosyalleştirme hedef ve uygulamalarının sosyalleştirme davranışlarını ve duygusal yeterliği nasıl etkilediğini açıklamak için LeVine’nin ebeveynlik modeli de dikkate alınmıştır. Çalışma, duygu sosyalleştirme davranışlarını etkileyen veya katkıda bulunan diğer etmenleri de (örn., kültür, cinsiyet,aile üyelerinin tamamlayıcı davranışları, sosyoekonomik düzey) tartışarak sonuçlandırılmıştır.

Anahtar kelimeler


Ebeveyn duygu sosyalleştirme davranışları, duygu sosyalleştirme süreçleri/mekanizmaları, duygusal yeterlik.

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