The effect of educational videos presented in two different content stream on motivation and achievement of students with visual learning styles / İki farklı içerik akışında sunulan eğitsel videoların görsel öğrenme stiline sahip öğrencilerin akademik baş
Despite the existence of a large body of research on multimedia materials presented to students with different learning styles in online environments, few studies have investigated different educational video types and their relationship with learning styles. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of educational videos presented in two different content stream formats (streaming and no-streaming) on academic achievement and motivations of student with visual learning styles. The current study used a pretest-posttest experimental design. 61 teacher candidates studying at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of School Teaching Department of Education in Turkey participated in the study. Participants with visual learning styles were determined by using Index of Learning Styles (Felder & Soloman, 1994). Streaming and non-streaming educational videos were prepared by the lecturer of the course. The first group (n=31) studied with streaming educational videos, while on the other hand the second group (n=30) studied with non-streaming educational videos. An academic achievement test was developed to measure the participants’ performances. Also to measure the motivation was used the Turkish version (Kutu & Sözbilir, 2011) of the ARCS motivation survey developed by Keller (1987). According to the results of the research, there was no significant difference between the success of the groups studied either with streaming or non-streaming educational videos [F(1,59)= 2,1 p>.05]. This result suggests revisiting Mayer’s (2001) Segmenting Principle in terms of learning styles. Also, there was no significant difference in general motivations of both groups. However, when examined with attention-relevance dimension of motivation, the group studied with streaming videos was significantly more motivated than the non-streaming one. According to this result, it is possible to state that the stream progress of the content presented in the educational video can lead to a positive impact on visual students' attention and interests when compared to the other presentation format. Also, it can be said that the stream progress can be more suitable than other presentation format for visual students’ learning needs. The analysis of the data also revealed no significant difference in the dimension of the confidence-satisfaction of motivation. Thus, it can be said that students with visual learning styles can develop a positive expectation for both types of presentations and also both types of presentations can provide internal and external support for visual students. The results also indicated no significant differences in monitoring time and replay numbers of both types of presentations according to the t-test results. This finding shows that, any changes that may be observed in success and motivation of the visual learners are not associated with the monitoring time and replay numbers of both types of presentations.
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